ADJECTIVES OF QUANTITYصفات الكم
Some – Any - No
Some is used with (countable nouns) & (uncountable nouns). الإثبات
I met some friends yesterday. Give me some water, please.
Some is used in offer and request.
Would you like some bananas? Can I have some apples?
Any is used with (uncountable) & (countable) in negative and question, and after (if).
Have you got any children?
No, 1 havent got any children.
He left home without any money.
He prevented me from doing anything.
No يسبقها فعل مثبت = not any
I don’t have any time. I have no time.
I didn’t eat anything. I ate nothing. He didnt give me any books. He gave me no books.
None + فعل مثبت
I met none. I met none of my friends. (none of + اسم أو ضمير )
Someone - somebody - anyone - anybody - no one - no body -every body - every one.هذه الكلمات مفرد ولكن عند الإشارة اليها تستخدم ضمائر الجمع
Nobody in the class did their home work.
If any one wants to leave early, they can.
Many Much A Lot of
Many + pl. جمع (فى الاثبات والنفى والسؤال)
Many students many girls
Much + uncountable (فى الاثبات والنفى والسؤال)
Much sugar much work
lots of - plenty of – a lot of + (countable & uncountable)فى الاثبات
a lot of time. a lot of sugar. a lot of books. a lot of girls.
•Have you got many books?
•I havent got much money.
•Have you got much work?
•We spent a lot of money.
•There has been a lot of rain.
Little & Few
Little + uncountable قلبل للكمية
little money littlewater
few + pl قليل للعدد
few boys few houses
a few - a little = some
few - little = hardly any (Negative)
He has (a few) books, hasn’t he? He has (few) books, has he?
In affirmative constructions. فى الاثبات
*uncountable (sing) * countable (pl)
a lot of/ lots of a lot of/ lots of
plenty of plenty of
a good/ great deal of a good / great many
a large quantity of a large number of/ large numbers of
•A lot of people were invited to the banquet.
•I still have a lot of money . There is lots of water in the bottle.
•We still have a great deal of time.
•A large number of clues were found after the crime.