شرح فيديو وكتابة Grammar :Adverbs and adjectives

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[heading size=”7″]شرح فيديو وكتابة Grammar :Adverbs and adjectives[/heading]

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[highlight]First listen to the explanation[/highlight]

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xydWhn0VVKQ

ADVERBS: How adverbs are formed

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Rules

[note]1. In most cases, an adverb is formed by adding ‘-ly’ to an adjective:[/note]

AdjectiveAdverb
cheap
quick
slow
cheaply
quickly
slowly

Examples:

  • Time goes quickly.
  • He walked slowly to the door.
  • She certainly had an interesting life.
  • He carefully picked up the sleeping child.

Rules

[note]If the adjective ends in ‘-y’, replace the ‘y’ with ‘i’ and add ‘-ly’:[/note]

AdjectiveAdverb
easy
angry
happy
lucky
easily
angrily
happily
luckily

[note]If the adjective ends in -‘able’, ‘-ible’, or ‘-le’, replace the ‘-e’ with ‘-y’:[/note]

AdjectiveAdverb
probable
terrible
gentle
probably
terribly
gently

[note]If the adjective ends in ‘-ic’, add ‘-ally’:[/note]

AdjectiveAdverb
basic
economic
tragic
basically
economically
tragically

Note: Exception: public – publicly

[note]2. Some adverbs have the same form as the adjective:[/note]

Adjective and Adverb
early
fast
hard
high
late
near
straight
wrong

Compare:

  • It is a fast car.
  • He drives very fast.
  • This is a hard exercise.
  • He works hard.
  • We saw many high buildings.
  • The bird flew high in the sky.

[highlight]3. ‘Well’ and ‘good'[/highlight]

[note]’Well’ is the adverb that corresponds to the adjective ‘good’. [/note]

Examples:

  • He is a good student.
  • He studies well.
  • She is a good pianist.
  • She plays the piano well.
  • They are good swimmers.
  • They swim well.

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